LIMANi Supply Group – The maritime industry sector encompasses the building, maintenance, and dismantling of ships, along with the transportation of goods and other materials. Risks in this industry involve accidents like slips, trips, and falls, as well as hazards related to machinery, equipment, chemicals, confined spaces, and fires. By implementing safety measures, protocols, and training programs, awareness about potential risks can be heightened, ensuring the well-being of workers.
In today’s digital age, where convenience is just a click away, it is often overlooked how interconnected our world truly is. We tend to forget about the intricate global supply chains that enable us to have access to a wide range of goods and products.
Interestingly, the maritime industry in the Europe is a prime example of this unnoticed yet vital sector. Surprisingly, it plays a crucial role in facilitating the transportation of over 95% of global trade.
Table of Contents
What Is the Maritime Industry?
The maritime indutry sector plays a vital role in facilitating the movement of goods, commodities, and individuals across the sea. It encompasses a wide range of vessels, including container ships, oil tankers, cruise ships, passenger ferries, and even smaller fishing boats.
Not only does the maritime industry ensure the smooth transportation of goods and people, but it also contributes significantly to the global economy. Without it, international trade would face significant obstacles and come to a halt.
Furthermore, the maritime industry involves various other activities such as shipbuilding, repair and maintenance, port operations, and marine engineering. These additional sectors further support the efficient functioning of the maritime industry as a whole.
The maritime sector is a multifaceted industry that includes a wide range of participants engaged in transportation, logistics, regulatory compliance, engineering, finance, and insurance. These activities are intricately interconnected both vertically and horizontally.
Why Maritime Industry Is It So Important?
The maritime industry sector plays a crucial role in facilitating global trade and fostering economic development across various domains that touch upon nearly every facet of contemporary society. Consequently, elucidating the significance of the maritime industry is no simple task.
To ensure a comprehensive response, we have dissected our answer into three fundamental aspects.
- Crucial for international commerce
- A significant provider of jobs
- It plays a vital role in safeguarding the environment.
1. The Maritime Industry Sector Plays a Vital Role in Global Trade.
The maritime industry is heavily dependent on global trade, as it serves as the lifeblood that keeps it thriving. With more than 95% of global trade being transported and delivered by the shipping industry, which amounts to approximately 11 billion tons annually, it is evident that without this trade, the industry would cease to exist.
This remarkable feat is accomplished by a relatively small number of merchant vessels, totaling around 50,000. The significance of this intricate network of merchant ships and ports cannot be overstated, as it plays a crucial role in ensuring the stability and efficiency of international trade. A prime example of this reliance can be seen in the incident involving the container ship Ever Given, which ran aground in the Suez Canal in 2020.
The repercussions of this incident were immense, with over $60 billion worth of global trade being held up until the ship was successfully freed. Among the goods that were delayed were essential commodities like wood pulp, which is used in the production of various products including paper, tissues, and notably, toilet paper.
2. The Maritime Industry Sector Plays a Significant Role in Providing Employment Opportunities.
The global maritime industry serves as a significant contributor to employment opportunities worldwide, both directly and indirectly. As stated by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), there are over 1.8 million seafarers employed globally, encompassing both officers and ratings. However, this figure does not account for the vast number of individuals, estimated to be more than 20 million, who are engaged in supporting or collaborating with the maritime sector in various capacities. These individuals include shore-based personnel, port workers, shipbuilders, and marine engineers, among others.
3. The Preservation of the Environment Greatly Relies on the Significance of the Maritime Industry.
Based on data from FAOSTAT, the shipping industry is responsible for a mere 1.7% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, despite being accountable for the transportation of 90% of global trade in terms of volume. This highlights the remarkable efficiency of shipping as a mode of transport when it comes to GHG emissions per ton-kilometer.
However, the maritime industry is not resting on its laurels and is actively striving to further minimize its environmental impact. In 2015, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) established a goal of reducing GHG emissions from shipping by at least 50% by 2050, in comparison to the levels recorded in 2008. Encouragingly, the industry is making progress towards achieving this target, as emissions have already decreased by 3.2% between 2008 and 2018.
What are Marine-Based Industries with Examples?
Marine-based industries refer to the sectors that utilize resources from the sea and oceans as their primary raw materials. These industries encompass various sectors such as seafood processing and fish oil manufacturing. They are categorized as raw material industries, relying on the abundant resources provided by the marine environment.
Maritime sectors rely extensively on the sea and oceans as they acquire the essential resources to sustain their operations. These industries encompass a wide range of vessels such as charter vessels, ferries, fishing boats, container ships, regulatory and patrol vessels, among others ship supply. Despite being in their nascent stages, the environmental consequences of these industries remain a subject of ongoing discussion.
The various industries are established upon the foundation of raw materials, scale, and ownership. Further information regarding the distinct categories of industries is provided below:
- Raw material industries encompass various sectors such as agro-based, mineral-based, marine-based, and forest-based industries, depending on the type of raw material they utilize.
- Size-based industries are categorized based on factors such as the capital investment, employment figures, and production volume.
- Industries can be classified according to ownership, which includes the private sector, state-owned or public sector, joint sector, and cooperative sector.
Maritime industry sectors are those that extract their resources from the ocean, encompassing various examples such as:
- Marine Biotechnology
- Fishing and aquaculture
- Shipping and Transportation
- Seaweed farming and harvesting
- Offshore oil and gas exploration and production
- Marine tourism and recreation, such as scuba diving and snorkeling.
Maritime Industry Transportation– Importance of the Sector
Maritime industry transport plays a crucial role in facilitating international trade and supporting the global economy. The majority of goods traded internationally, accounting for over 80% of the volume, are transported by sea. This percentage is particularly significant for developing countries, where maritime transport is even more essential for their trade activities.
The Review of Maritime Transport, a renowned report published by UNCTAD since 1968, serves as a comprehensive analysis of various factors influencing seaborne trade, ports, and shipping. It not only examines the structural and cyclical changes impacting the industry but also provides a wealth of statistical data related to maritime trade and transport.
In light of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, this year’s edition of the report places a special emphasis on the pandemic’s profound impact on the maritime industry. It delves into the challenges faced by seafarers amidst the crewing crisis, shedding light on the unique difficulties they encounter during these unprecedented times. This special chapter aims to raise awareness and address the issues faced by seafarers, who play a vital role in maintaining global trade and supply chains chandler in Europe.
- Maritime industry like transport is the backbone of global trade and the global economy.
- The international shipping industry can be divided into four closely related shipping markets, each trading in a different commodity: the newbuilding market, the freight market, demolition market, the sale and purchase market.
- Trading is one of the most important applications of maritime transport.
- Overall cost of the business can be reduced as trading through maritime industry transport is the cheaper medium.
- The living standards of people in the developed and industrialized world, the livelihoods and jobs of billions of people in the developing world, are dependent on maritime industry.
- Transportation of every kind of cargo internationally is done by many thousand merchant ships, handled by more than a million seafarers from almost every nation. These ships service are registered in over 150 countries.
- Millions of commercial fishing vessels operate in the Oceans and seas at any point of time.
- The maritime industry sector is composed of organizations and activities such as maritime industry transportation, the recreational and cruise sector, commercial fishing, the naval industry (component supply sector for naval shipbuilding and engineering companies), commercial ports, sport sector, aquaculture industry, and marine energy sources.
Global trade heavily relies on marine transportation, which facilitates the movement of over 10 billion tons of various types of cargo across the world’s oceans every year. In the past, the shipping industry and ports operated with minimal consideration for the environment, leading to incidents such as oil spills in the 1960s that caused significant pollution along coastlines and harm to marine life. As a response to these incidents, the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) was established, serving as the primary international agreement aimed at preventing marine pollution caused by ships, whether through operational activities or accidents.
Furthermore, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) employs a range of measures to safeguard the marine environment from the negative impacts of shipping. Despite these efforts, marine transportation continues to have detrimental effects on the marine ecosystem, including air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, the release of ballast water containing invasive species, the historical use of antifoulants, oil and chemical spills, the release of dry bulk cargo, the disposal of waste, underwater noise pollution, collisions between ships chandler and marine megafauna, the risk of ship grounding or sinking, and the widespread contamination of ports with sediment during transshipment or ship breaking activities.
This chapter provides an overview of the environmental consequences associated with marine transportation and outlines the existing measures, both legislative and practical, that can be implemented to enhance the management of these global challenges.